Manifest Destiny: What It Meant for American Expansion
Nov 14, · Manifest Destiny, a phrase coined in , is the idea that the United States is destined—by God, its advocates believed—to expand its dominion and spread democracy and capitalism across the entire Estimated Reading Time: 5 mins. The Eternal Doctrine Manifest Destiny is an enigma. Yet, it is the philosophy that built American history. Manifest Destiny is un-definable; however, it is often used to define how America actually became America.
Realizing its Manifest Destiny with triumph over Mexico in gave the United States an immense domain that came with spectacular abundance and potential. Under the Treaty of How is stop motion animation made Hidalgowhich ended the war, the United States acquired more thansquare miles [1, square km] of land, including present-day ArizonaCaliforniawestern ColoradoNevadaNew MexicoTexas how to change proxy server in chrome, and What is new manifest destiny. Burgeoning Pacific trade required opening diplomatic relations with heretofore isolationist Japan and created American trade in places that before had what is a hip pointer in football been European commercial preserves.
Yet the dispute over the status of the new western territories regarding slavery disrupted the American political system by reviving arguments that shattered fragile compromises and inflamed sectional discord. In fact, those disputes brought the era of Manifest Destiny to an abrupt close. Minister to Mexico James Gadsden purchased a small parcel of land in to facilitate a southern route.
For that reason alone, the Gadsden Purchase provoked the North, and Americans soon found themselves embroiled in additional arguments that foiled the railroad while killing any possible consensus for further expansion. After the Civil War, reconstructing the Union and promoting the industrial surge that made the United States a premier economic power preoccupied the country. In the s, however, the United States and other great powers embraced geopolitical doctrines stemming from the writings of naval officer and historian Alfred Thayer Mahanwho posited that national greatness in a competitive world derived from the ability to control navigation of the seas.
Although they accommodated bigger guns and could meet schedules regardless of weather, fuel-hungry steamships required far-flung coaling stations, which encouraged naval powers to plant their flags on remote outposts and define their interest in places never before connected to their security or commerce. Similarly, the annexation of Hawaii in provided the United States Navy with the desirable port facilities at Pearl Harbor. The New Manifest Destiny curiously reversed the political lines of support of its forbearer.
The Progressive wings of both parties, however, gravitated to advancing American idealism, which led to intervention in World War I and Pres. Manifest Destiny has caused controversy among historians trying to sort out its origins and assess its significance. In that regard, Turner provided an explanation for American exceptionalism, but, beginning in the mids, scholars styling themselves New Western Historians challenged his ideas.
They rejected the view that Americans were agents of change, let alone purveyors of progress. Rather, the New Western Historians stressed the role what is new manifest destiny the coalition of government and influential corporations in overwhelming indigenous populations.
In addition, they did not see the West fundamentally shaping American exceptionalism, the existence of which they doubted in any case. They focused instead on how competing cultures melded to create a singular heritage that was nevertheless broad and varied. Whatever the validity of those conflicting views, in the simplest interpretation Manifest Destiny expressed the American version of an age-old yearning for improvement, change, and growth.
Those who promoted it might have done so from venal or virtuous motives, and those who opposed it were seemingly vindicated by the Civil War in their grim warnings about the steep costs of a spreading imperium, but the events of American expansionism were a tale more than twice-told in the course of history. Manifest Destiny. Timeline Key Facts Causes and Effects. Videos Images. Additional Info. More About Contributors Article History.
Load Previous Page. The end of Manifest Destiny Realizing its Manifest Destiny with triumph over Mexico in gave the United States an immense domain that came with spectacular abundance and potential. The New Manifest Destiny After the Civil War, reconstructing the Union and promoting the industrial surge that made the United States a premier economic power preoccupied the country.
American naval scholar Alfred Thayer Mahan, undated photo. Illustration by Udo J. Keppler from Puck magazine,depicting Uncle Sam dreaming of conquest. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. It has been said that this notion represented the mood of the American people; it is safer to say it…. It envisioned a United States that would extend from sea to shining sea and perhaps would ultimately encompass all of Mexico.
The United States annexed the Republic of Texas ina move that…. In a typical utterance, a leading Presbyterian minister of the s, Samuel H.
Cox, told an English audience that "in America, the state of society is without parallel in universal history. History at your fingertips. Sign up here to see what happened On This Dayevery day in your inbox! Email address. By signing up, you agree to our Privacy Notice. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories what is new manifest destiny right to your inbox.
The New Manifest Destiny
New Manifest Destiny can refer to American expansionism beginning with the Spanish American War in America began to look outside of North See full answer below. Become a . Apr 02, · Manifest Destiny, in U.S. history, the supposed inevitability of the continued territorial expansion of the boundaries of the United States westward to the Pacific and beyond. Manifest Destiny was the idea that white Americans were divinely ordained to settle the entire continent of North America. The ideology of Manifest Destiny inspired a variety of measures designed to remove or destroy the native population. US President James K. Polk () is the leader most associated with Manifest Destiny.
The term was first published in the United States Magazine and Democratic Review in the summer of Supporters of this movement used three topics to encourage increased participation in manifest destiny. Those principal themes include: virtue of the country and its people, destiny to do the will of God, and mission to spread the American culture and way of life to the western region of the country.
Not all individuals agreed with the concept of expansion and conquest of the west, however. Many important political figures, including Abraham Lincoln and Ulysses S.
Grant, publicly expressed their disagreement with the notion. The idea of manifest occurred just after the US had annexed the state of Texas.
Despite its inability to achieve national consensus, manifest destiny was commonly cited following this act. It became particularly popular during the period between the War of and beginnings of the American Civil War in During this period of time, also referred to as territorial expansion, the US acquired the present-day states of Oregon, New Mexico, Arizona, California, and Alaska among other states and territories.
Manifest destiny was also utilized to support the attempt at taking control of Cuba from Spain in the s. Historians take different opinions about the influence and impact of manifest destiny. Some claim that it helped to shape the US into the country that it is today, while others claim that its influence has been romanticized by some authors. The idea of manifest destiny has, however, left a lasting legacy in the world. Bush have all utilized the rhetoric of an American objective to spread and defend democracy around the world.
One of the biggest criticisms behind the idea of manifest destiny is that it has been used to justify American imperialism. American imperialism is the belief and commonly accepted concept that the US government influences and controls the militaries, economies, and cultures of other countries around the world. This is the most common argument used by critics of US involvement in wars, disputes, and industries in foreign countries, particularly in the Middle East.
This term has commonly been used in discussions of American foreign policy. The Louisiana Purchase tied into the idea of "Manifest Destiny". Amber Pariona August 1 in Politics. G7 Countries. Communist Countries. Louisiana Purchase. Group Of Eight G8. What Is Authoritarian Government?
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