Brown Tongue: Symptoms, Causes And Treatment
Sep 27, · mouth breathing, you may also be more susceptible to have a discolored tongue. Causes of Tongue Discoloration. There are many potential causes of tongue discoloration. These include: Tobacco use. Smoking and chewing tobacco can lead to a heavily discolored tongue that can be white or darker in color. Leukoplakia. The tongue's papillae (tiny, rounded projections) may become discolored if a person smokes or chews tobacco, eats certain foods or vitamins, or has colored bacteria growing on the tongue. Black discoloration on the top of the tongue may occur if a .
The tongue's color and surface may change as the result cajses injury, poor oral hygiene, disease, or other factors. Some or most of the tongue may be involved. Many of the changes occur without producing pain or discomfort. The tongue's papillae tiny, rounded projections may become fhe if a person smokes or chews tobacco, eats certain foods or vitamins, or has colored bacteria growing on the tongue. Black discoloration on the top of the tongue may occur if a person takes bismuth preparations for an what verse in the bible talks about strength stomach.
Brushing the tongue with a toothbrush or scraping discoloratio with a tongue scraper can remove such discoloration. A small blue-black discoloration on the underside of the tongue may tonue a tattoo caused by a fragment of dental amalgam filling material, which contains silver. A pale and smooth tongue can be caused by iron deficiency anemia or by pernicious anemia, which is caused by a deficiency of vitamin B A strawberry-red tongue may be the first sign of scarlet fever or, in a young child, a sign of Kawasaki disease.
A smooth red tongue and painful mouth discolroation indicate general inflammation of the tongue glossitis diecoloration be caused by pellagra, a type of undernutrition caused by a deficiency of niacin vitamin B3 in the diet. In geographic tonguesome areas of the tongue are red and smooth like ulcersoften surrounded by a white border.
Other areas, appearing white or causess and rough, may resemble psoriasis or be caused by psoriasis. The areas of discoloration often move around over a period of weeks to years. The condition is usually painless, and no treatment is needed. If how to setup visual studio 2010 have symptoms, applying low doses of corticosteroids sometimes helps. In fissured tonguedeep grooves are located on the tongue surface. The cause is unknown, but fissured tongue may occur with geographic tongue and some other disorders.
Usually, there are no symptoms and no treatment is needed. In "hairy" tonguekeratin cauuses normal body protein that is in hair, skin, and nails accumulates on the normal projections on the top of the tongue papillae and gives it a how to get rid of chronic headaches appearance. Hairy tongue may develop when food debris is trapped in the papillae when people do not clean their mouth adequately.
The tongue may also appear hairy after a fever, after antibiotic treatment, or when peroxide toongue is used too often. These "hairs" on the top of the tongue should not be confused with hairy leukoplakia. Hairy leukoplakia is whxt, hairy-appearing patches on the side of the tongue that is caused by the Epstein-Barr virus. It usually occurs in people with conditions that suppress the immune system, especially HIV infection. Strawberry tongue what is a lexile level a red tongue with small "seeds.
The surface of the tongue has large, vauses patches that have the appearance of countries on a map. Benign migratory glossitis geographic tongue exhibiting zones of depapillation of the dorsal and lateral tongue surrounded by raised white-yellow borders. The tongue also shows fissuring deep grooves what causes discoloration of the tongue the top and sides of the tonguewhich often coexists with geographic tongue.
The tongue is brownish and has a hairy appearance because keratin has collected on the normal projections on the top of the tongue papillae. Whitish patches on the tonguesimilar to those sometimes found inside ahat cheeks, may be due to. The second stage of syphilis. Thrush a Candida infection. Lichen planus an itchy skin disease that can also affect the mouth. Leukoplakia a flat white spot that develops discolkration a result of prolonged irritation.
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By Mayo Clinic Staff White tongue is the result of an overgrowth and swelling of the fingerlike projections (papillae) on the surface of your tongue. The appearance of a white coating is caused by debris, bacteria and dead cells getting lodged between the enlarged and sometimes inflamed papillae. According to a report from Oregon State University, low vitamin B2 levels, also called riboflavin deficiency, could cause dark discoloration or a magenta coloring of the tongue. Aug 18, · What Causes Discoloration Of Tongue? Poor oral hygiene is one of the common problems that may cause discolored tongue. If you do not clean and brush your tongue daily, a thick white or Pale tongue is a sign of anemia. It can be due to iron deficiency anemia or vitamin B12 deficiency. The surface.
Although the human tongue is expected to be pink, it is not always this color and very often it appears white. However, this is not usually a cause for concern.
The pink color of the tongue is largely due to the blood flow in the vessels of the tongue. Depending on the oxygenation of the blood and other factors, the normal color can vary from pink to red. When the tongue appears very red strawberry red , yellow, pale to white in color or even blue and a dark brown or almost black then it needs to be investigated.
The main color of the tongue that is considered abnormal but not a cause for concern is a whitish color that gives the tongue a furry appearance.
Most of us experience this on a daily basis. It is due to a combination of food particles, bacteria and saliva. Brushing the tongue usually removes it.
The colorants in food can also cause the tongue to appear a range of colors but this not a problem and will fade away with time and after brushing. Sometimes brown to black streaks may be seen on the tongue from birth and this is also not abnormal. It may be similar to birth marks on the skin. When assessing the possible causes of tongue discoloration it is important to consider other symptoms that may be present. Collectively the tongue discoloration and other symptoms can indicate a possible cause.
However, this needs to be confirned by a medical professional and further diagnostic investigations may also be required. The causes of tongue discoloration can vary greatly and can be broadly classified according to the specific color. Foods and drinks must always be excluded first before considering diseases that can lead to abnormal colors of the tongue. If thorough dental hygiene with brushing of the tongue is unable to remove the discoloration from the tongue then the abnormal color is most likely due to internal factors like with certain diseases.
Apart from the normal whitening of the tongue that occurs with food particles, bacteria and saliva, these are some of the pathological causes of a white tongue. A brown to black tongue may be due the presence of birth marks or arise with chewing on tobacco. There is a condition known as black hairy tongue where the papillae on the tongue become elongated giving it a hairy feeling and trapped food particles eventually decompose to a brown and then black color.
However, with proper hygiene the decomposition can be prevented. Chemical irritants to the mouth including certain types of mouthwash, tobacco and certain drugs can cause this abnormality. Usually a pink to red color is considered to be a healthy color but very bright red or strawberry red may be a sign of various conditions.
Some of these conditions can be very serious. Geographic tongue is where there are patches on the tongue with red borders. The reason why it occurs is unclear and possibly has a genetic origin but does not seem to be associated with any disease. A blue tongue is usually considered to be serious because it can be a sign of cyanosis.
This means that the oxygen levels of the bloodstream are very low and it may be problem throughout the body or only in the tongue. The problem may be with the airways as is seen in asthma , with cardiovascular conditions like congenital heart disease and sometimes with poisoning where the red blood cells cannot bind with oxygen.
If a blue tongue appears with shortness of breath, confusion, dizziness, cold and clammy skin then immediate medical attention is necessary. Copyright Phaa. Home » Symptoms » Tongue Discoloration Abnormal Colors Causes Although the human tongue is expected to be pink, it is not always this color and very often it appears white. Abnormal Colors of the Tongue. Ask a Doctor Online Now! More Related Topics.
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