What can cause edema in legs and feet

Edema in Elderly Adults: Swollen Legs, Ankles, and Feet

What can cause edema in legs and feet


what can cause edema in legs and feet

Foods That Can Cause Swelling in the Legs

The swelling is accompanied by a fever; Also seek immediate medical care if you're pregnant and develop: Sudden foot swelling; A noticeable change in foot swelling; Swelling in only one foot or leg; Sudden swelling along with other new signs or symptoms such as severe headache, vision changes, upper abdominal pain, nausea or vomiting, or. Jul 08,  · When organs aren’t working as well as they should, fluid can build up in the legs. Congestive heart failure, kidney disease and liver disease can all cause edema.

Medically reviewed by Drugs. Last updated on May 4, Prolonged standing or sitting, especially causse hot weather, can cause excess fluid to accumulate in the feet, ankles and lower legs. Tiny valves inside the veins of the legs can become weakened, causing a common problem called venous insufficiency. This problem makes it more difficult for the veins to pump blood back to the heart, and leads to varicose veins and buildup of fluid. Severe chronic long-term lung diseases, including emphysema and chronic bronchitis, fdema pressure in the blood vessels that lead from the heart to the lungs.

This pressure backs up in the heart. The higher pressure causes swelling in the legs and feet. Congestive heart failure, a condition in which the heart can no longer pump efficiently, causes fluid buildup in the lungs and other parts of the body. Swelling is often most visible in the feet and ankles. Pregnancy can how to put 2 monitors on 1 computer edema in the legs as the uterus puts pressure on the vena cava, a major blood vessel that returns blood to the heart from the legs.

Fluid retention during pregnancy also can be caused by a more serious condition called preeclampsia. Low protein levels in the blood caused by malnutrition, kidney and liver disease can cause edema.

The proteins help to hold salt and water inside the edemw vessels so fluid does not leak out into the tissues. Whah a blood protein, called albumin, gets too an, fluid is retained and edema occurs, especially in the feet, ankles and lower legs. Symptoms vary according to the type of edema and its location. In general, the skin above the swollen area will be stretched and shiny. To check for edema that is not obvious, you can gently press your thumb over the foot, ankle or leg with slow, steady pressure.

If you have edema, you will see an indentation where you pressed. You should see a doctor to determine the cause of leg swelling. If both legs are swollen, your doctor will ask about other symptoms and will examine you.

A urine test will show if you are losing protein from the kidneys. Blood tests, a chest X-ray and an electrocardiogram EKG also may be done. The only way to prevent edema is to prevent the cause. Smoking is the main cause of chronic lung disease. Congestive heart failure most often is caused by coronary artery disease, high blood pressure or drinking too much alcohol. To avoid leg swelling on long trips, stand up and walk around often.

Ideally, you should get up once an hour. If that's not possible, then exercise your feet and lower legs while sitting. This will help the veins move blood back toward the heart. Treatment of edema focuses on correcting the cause of the fluid accumulation. A low-salt diet usually helps. You also should avoid drinking too much fluid. If you are not short of breath, elevate your legs above the level of your heart to keep swelling down. Your doctor might suggest that you take a low dose of a diuretic water pill.

For swollen what can cause edema in legs and feet and whah caused by pregnancy, elevate your legs and avoid lying on your back to help improve blood flow and decrease swelling. If you have mild leg edema caused by venous insufficiency, elevate your legs periodically and wear support compression stockings.

Sometimes surgery is needed to improve the flow of blood through the leg veins. No matter what the cause of edema, any swollen area of the body should be protected from pressure, injury and extreme temperatures. The skin over swollen legs becomes more fragile over time.

Cuts, scrapes and burns in areas that have edema take much longer to heal and are more likely to get infected.

Call your doctor immediately if you have pain, redness or heat in a swollen area, an open sore, shortness of breath or swelling of only one limb. The outlook for edema of the legs depends on the cause. For most people with edema, the prognosis is excellent.

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances. Edema What can cause edema in legs and feet reviewed by Drugs. Edema is swelling of both legs from a how to fight a carpool ticket in california of extra fluid. Edema has many possible causes: Prolonged standing or sitting, especially in hot weather, can cause excess fluid to accumulate in the feet, ankles and lower legs.

Symptoms Symptoms vary according to the type of edema and its location. Diagnosis To check for edema that is what can cause edema in legs and feet obvious, you can gently press your thumb over the foot, ankle or leg with slow, steady pressure. Expected Duration Edema can be temporary or permanent, and it can come and go depending on the cause.

Prevention The only way to prevent edema is to prevent the cause. Treatment Treatment of edema focuses on correcting the cause of the fluid accumulation. When To Call a Professional Call your doctor immediately if you have pain, redness or heat in a swollen area, an open sore, shortness of breath or swelling of only one limb. Prognosis Lebs outlook for edema of the legs depends on lgs cause.

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Foot swelling or leg swelling in adults

Dec 29,  · Swelling in the legs is caused by a build-up of fluid called edema. It can also result from inflammation of soft tissue. Apr 14,  · Excess body mass can decrease blood circulation, causing fluid to build up in the feet, legs, and ankles. Standing or sitting for long periods. When the Author: Krista O'connell. Aug 25,  · Edema in elderly legs can also be a sign of underlying health conditions. These include: Tumors; Menopause; Low albumin (a protein in the blood that affects how capillaries function) Inadequate lymphatic system; Weakness or damage to veins in your legs; Cirrhosis; Congestive heart failureLocation: E. Township Line Rd, Ste , Blue Bell, , PA.

Swelling in the legs, known as edema, does not always point to a serious condition. However, it's a symptom that shouldn't go ignored. While injury, inflammation and certain diseases can cause leg swelling, there are also certain foods that cause edema. Edema is swelling that occurs when fluid is trapped in your body's tissues, according to the Cleveland Clinic. The swelling and puffiness typically occurs in your feet, ankles and legs, but it can also involves other parts of the body, such as the face and hands.

There are myriad factors that can lead to edema, ranging from something as simple as sitting for too long to medications you may be taking for blood pressure or pain management, according to the Cleveland Clinic. There are also certain foods that cause edema, whether it be the result of ingesting too much salt or food allergies that cause leg swelling.

If you notice your legs swell after eating, then you might be dealing with food-related edema. This sudden reaction — known as angioedema — is most often caused by one or more of the top food allergens : cow's milk, eggs, fish, peanuts, shellfish, soy, tree nuts and wheat. When angioedema occurs, you may notice that leg swelling is coupled with swelling in other areas of the body, including the eyes, lips, face and even throat. This reaction — known as anaphylaxis — can be coupled with a skin rash, nausea and difficult breathing.

Anaphylaxis is life-threatening and requires immediate care, including the administration of epinephrine EpiPen. Once you know what foods may be causing swelling and puffiness, your health care provider may suggest an edema diet plan that will help pinpoint problematic foods.

This could include eliminating the top suspected food allergens, as well as eating foods high in vitamin B and iron, such as dark leafy greens and sea vegetables, according to St. Luke's Hospital. Natural diuretic vegetables, like asparagus, beets, pineapple, pumpkin and garlic may also help flush out swelling. The hospital also recommends:. Taking these steps will also decrease swelling that is the result of too much salt intake, so you should keep sodium consumption in check if you are experiencing edema.

It's important to note that even with these steps, you will need to work closely with a health care professional who can advise you on how to combine lifestyle and dietary changes with a medication, such as a diuretic, that may be prescribed to reduce symptoms of edema.

Medically Reviewed by Kirsten Nunez, M. Kirsten Nunez, M. Kirsten Nunez is a health and lifestyle journalist based in Beacon, New York. Her work has appeared on nutrition and health websites such as SparkPeople, Shape, and Healthline. Connect on LinkedIn. Caroline Shannon-Karasik. Caroline Shannon-Karasik is a Pittsburgh-based writer, the author of The Gluten-Free Revolution, and a certified holistic health coach and Pilates instructor.

She is a mental health advocate and currently writing a memoir. More at carolineshannon. Eggs can cause swelling in the legs. What Is Edema? Foods That Can Cause Edema. Edema Diet Plan. Eating antioxidant-rich foods, like blueberries, cherries and tomatoes. Eliminating refined and processed foods , such as white bread, sugar, cookies and crackers. Choosing lean meats — such as cold-water fish and chicken breast — for protein, instead of red meat.

Opting for healthy cooking oils, like olive oil. Limiting consumption of alcohol and tobacco.



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